Treatment and care:

Diabetes is common, yet every individual is unqiue, therefore, it is important to be established with a physician and healthcare team.

  • Blood sugar testing
    • It is important to check your blood sugar. Ask your physician how often you should check it and what your target blood sugar levels should be. American Heart Association recommends a fasting (before any meal) blood sugar of 80-130 mg/dL and 1-2 hours after beginning of the meal under 180 mg/dL. Keeping your blood sugar levels as close to target as possible will help prevent or delay diabetes-related complications.
  • Medication management
    • Follow the medication instructions given to you by your physician.
  • Nutrition
    • It is important to focus on eating healthy foods that give you the nutrition your body needs. Try to eat those foods in adequate serving sizes and at the right times so your blood sugar stays in target range as much as possible. Eating consistently at the same times each day can help blood sugars stay in target range.
    • No one expects perfection and you can still eat some of your favorite foods. You want to eat those certain foods in moderation. Try to balance lean proteins, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates you eat to manage your diabetes and feel your best.
    • Counting carbohydrates which means you add up all the carbohydrates that you eat and drink. This can help with managing your blood sugar levels better and keep you in your target range.
    • Remember, what works for one person with diabetes, may not work for you. Everyone’s body is different. However, according to the CDC, on average people with diabetes should get about 45% of their calories from carbohydrates.
    • A carbohydrate serving is measured as 15 grams per serving. According to the CDC, that means most women need 3 to 4 carb servings (45–60 grams) per meal, while most men need about 4 to 5 carb servings (60–75 grams). However, these amounts depend on your age, weight, activity level. Come see Prime, Inc.’s registered dietitian to set your own carbohydrate goal.
    • Check out THIS list from the CDC for carbohydrate servings!
  • Exercise
    • Exercise can help lower blood sugar on a daily basis.
    • It is important to become familiar with how your blood sugar responds to exercise. To do this, you want to check your blood sugar level more often before and after exercise. This can also help you see the benefits of activity. This will help with your blood sugar not going too high or too low with exercise. 
  • Manage stress
    • Stress can cause blood sugar levels to raise. Find a coping mechanism for stress that works for you. Examples are deep breathing, taking a walk, calling a loved one, drawing, meditation, prayer, etc. 

Information from: American Diabetes Association and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For more information check out: American Diabetes Assocation and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention